whatsapp Read This NextRicky Schroder Calls Foo Fighters’ Dave Grohl ‘Ignorant Punk’ forThe WrapCNN’s Brian Stelter Draws Criticism for Asking Jen Psaki: ‘What Does theThe WrapDid Donald Trump Wear His Pants Backwards? Kriss Kross Memes Have AlreadyThe Wrap’Sex and the City’ Sequel Series at HBO Max Adds 4 More ReturningThe WrapHarvey Weinstein to Be Extradited to California to Face Sexual AssaultThe WrapPink Floyd’s Roger Waters Denies Zuckerberg’s Request to Use Song in Ad:The Wrap’The View’: Meghan McCain Calls VP Kamala Harris a ‘Moron’ for BorderThe WrapNewsmax Rejected Matt Gaetz When Congressman ‘Reached Out’ for a JobThe Wrap2 HFPA Members Resign Citing a Culture of ‘Corruption and Verbal Abuse’The Wrap Show Comments ▼ KCS-content whatsapp A PARIS judge will tomorrow decide whether former trader Jerome Kerviel should be punished for his freewheeling market bets that brought French bank Societe Generale to the brink of collapse in 2008.The 33-year-old ex-trader, who now works for a technology consultancy, risks five years in prison and a €375,000 (£323,000) fine if found guilty of charges of breach of trust, computer abuse and forgery.At the end of Kerviel’s high-profile three-week trial in June, his defence team pleaded guilty to computer abuse but rejected the other charges. The public prosecutor has recommended Kerviel serve at least four years behind bars, with a fifth year suspended. Tuesday’s verdict is critical for SocGen, which has worked hard to clean up its image since the scandal. SocGen rogue trader Kerviel to get his day of reckoning in court Share Sunday 3 October 2010 10:45 pm Tags: NULL
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I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Cliff D’Arcy | Friday, 20th November, 2020 | More on: BARC LLOY Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. See all posts by Cliff D’Arcy Although this has been a bumper month for the FTSE 100, the index has had a poor 2020. As I write, the FTSE 100 stands at 6,350 points, up almost 775 points (13.9%) since Halloween. This puts November on track to be the Footsie’s best month in its 36-year history. Nevertheless, the index is down almost 1,200 points (15.8%) in 2020, making this one of its worst years on record. Of course, during the Covid-19 crisis, some stocks have suffered more than others. Here are two cheap shares from the unloved, unwanted and undervalued banking sector that I expect to perform powerfully in 2021.Cheap shares: Lloyds is deeply unlovedThe cheap shares of Lloyds Banking Group (LSE: LLOY) have been so unloved in 2020 that I’d say investors hate them! Over the past 12 months, Lloyds shares are the 95th-worst performer in the Footsie. As I write, the Lloyds share price hovers around 36p, down almost two-fifths (39%) in one year. At their 52-week high, Lloyds shares peaked at 73.66p on 13 December 2019, but are below than half that level today. But things have been a lot worse: at their 2020 low on 22 September, Lloyds shares had crashed to close at just 23.59p. Ouch.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Why would I buy Lloyds stock today? First, because of its size as the UK’s largest retail bank, with 30 million customers (and a £25.2bn market value). Second, because Lloyds put aside a hefty £3.8bn in loss reserves in the first half of 2020. These bad-debt estimates now appear to be too high, which means huge sums could be released to shareholders’ benefit. Third, Lloyds made a £1bn pre-tax profit in the third quarter of 2020, as the UK economy bounced back from its spring lows. Lastly, when Covid-19 is under control, Lloyds will return to paying a juicy dividend in 2021. That’s why I’d buy these cheap shares today, ideally inside a Stocks and Shares ISA, to pocket tax-free cash dividends and future capital gains.Barclays is also undervaluedCompared with Lloyds, Barclays (LSE: BARC) and its cheap shares have done somewhat better, relatively speaking. Over the past 12 months, Barclays stock is ‘only’ the 77th-worst performer in the FTSE 100. Today, the Barclays share price is 137.68p, falling a more modest 18.6% over one year. At their 52-week peak, Barclays shares hit a high of 192.99p on 16 December 2019. However, at their 52-week low during the March meltdown, they closed at a crazy 73.04p. Nevertheless, Barclays has struggled in late 2020, with its share price crashing to 91.55p on 25 September. Happily, it’s now more than half (50.4%) ahead of this low. So, why am I still a fan of Barclays today?First, like Lloyds, Barclays is big. It has 24 million customers and a market value of £24.1bn. Second, Barclays put aside £3.7bn in loss provisions for the first six months of 2020. Again, this estimate could be too high, with released reserves flowing back to Barclay’s balance sheet. Third, Barclays owns a profitable and successful investment bank, which generated £1bn of pre-tax profit in the third quarter of 2020. Fourth, Barclays owns the eponymous Barclaycard, the UK’s largest credit-card issuer with 10 million cardholders. When the economy stabilises and consumers start spending and borrowing again, Barclaycard will be a primary beneficiary. Lastly, Barclays’ dividend will also return in 2021, helping to underpin its stock. That’s why I’d buy these cheap shares today, ready for the rebound in 2021! Cliffdarcy has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Barclays and Lloyds Banking Group. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Enter Your Email Address “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Image source: Getty Images Here’s why I’d buy these unloved and undervalued cheap shares today!
TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Back to Press Releases Episcopal Relief & Development is providing financial and technical support to partner organizations in Asia, Africa and the Middle East in response to the COVID-19 Pandemic. The organization continues to be in close contact with partners in 44 countries, including the United States, to provide assistance for communities affected by the novel coronavirus.“The coronavirus pandemic has adversely impacted communities all over the world,” said Nagulan Nesiah, Senior Program Officer, Disaster Response & Risk Reduction for Episcopal Relief & Development. “We are working together with our partners to determine how to respond to the urgent needs for the most vulnerable populations, whether it be food supply, medical equipment, best practices for physical distancing, hygiene or other critical supplies.”In the Philippines, Episcopal Relief & Development is partnering with the E-CARE Foundation in the production of personal protective equipment (PPE) for medical staff. As in many countries, hospitals are experiencing a shortage of critical PPE. At least one medical center, the Lung Center of the Philippines temporarily stopped accepting new patients as a result. E-CARE partners such as KASALIKA, a local community group of women organized by E-CARE, and other smaller groups will produce approximately 6,000 face masks and 1,000 gowns which will be donated primarily to hospitals in Quezon City, where there is a concentration of coronavirus treatment centers.Other partners such as Fellowship of Middle East Evangelical Churches, the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem and the Church of Bangladesh are also providing PPE, hygiene kits and essential medical supplies through partners. These critical supplies will help medical staff safely treat coronavirus patients and will help slow the spread of the disease through improved sanitation practices.With the support of Episcopal Relief & Development, the Anglican Diocese of Guinea is coordinating with local governing officials to launch an educational campaign about the importance of hygiene in slowing down the transmission of the virus. The diocese plans to serve over 300 families through hygiene and sanitation kits.Episcopal Relief & Development’s International Program staff is also providing guidance and expertise in Sri Lanka. The Dioceses of Colombo and Kurunegala are distributing food, while following best practices for physical distancing, to plantation and day workers who have lost income due to the virus and shutdowns. Program staff are in close contact with other partners as they determine how best to respond to needs in their communities.Domestically, the US Disaster Program is holding weekly partner coordination calls and public webinars to offer support to Episcopal dioceses, churches, individuals and other groups. Resources for a faith-based response to epidemics and pandemics are available here.“One of the great strengths of Episcopal Relief & Development is our communities of practice in the areas of women, children and climate,” said Tammi Mott, Vice President, International Program Operations, Episcopal Relief & Development. “Weekly we virtually bring together our networks of partners to exchange their experiences, knowledge and mutual support. These networks are critical for identifying both immediate responses and longer-term program adaptations in the face of the novel coronavirus.”Donations to Episcopal Relief & Development’s COVID-19 Pandemic Response Fund will continue to support partners around the world and in the United States in responding to the coronavirus. Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Director of Music Morristown, NJ Submit a Job Listing Episcopal Relief & Development Rector Collierville, TN Rector Smithfield, NC Rector Washington, DC Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Press Release Service Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Rector Hopkinsville, KY Episcopal Relief & DevelopmentPosted Apr 20, 2020 In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Associate Rector Columbus, GA Rector Shreveport, LA Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Tags An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK COVID-19, Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Youth Minister Lorton, VA The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Submit an Event Listing Rector Pittsburgh, PA Rector Martinsville, VA Rector Knoxville, TN Submit a Press Release The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Featured Jobs & Calls Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Tampa, FL Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Rector Belleville, IL Featured Events Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Curate Diocese of Nebraska Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Rector Bath, NC Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Episcopal Relief & Development and program partners respond in communities impacted by COVID-19 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Albany, NY
Howard Lake | 15 July 2010 | News Nominations are now being accepted from charities for the DODS Charity Champion Awards, which recognise parliamentarians who have promoted charitable causes and campaigns in Parliament, to their constituents and across the country.Previous winners have included Gordon Brown MP, David Cameron MP, Lord Coe, Hilary Benn, Ed Balls MP, James Purnell MP, Baroness Finlay, Lord Rix and Sir George Young MP.This year the awards ceremony will take place on Wednesday 1 December 2010, in The Great Hall at One Great George Street, Westminster.Launched in 2003, the Awards are open to nominations from all registered charities, who can nominate as many parliamentarians in as many of the 13 categories as they wish.Nominations close on 5 September 2010.www.charitychampionawards.com Chance to thank parliamentarians for their support of charities Tagged with: Awards 23 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Melanie May | 1 August 2018 | News “There are lots of cancer charity brands in the UK market, so we’ve had to dig deep to differentiate the new Bowel Cancer UK brand. The combination of community action and human authenticity, with hope for the future, will help the new Bowel Cancer UK brand stand-out to inspire more support.” Tagged with: brand merger AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis12 Seven months after Bowel Cancer UK and Beating Bowel Cancer legally merged, the charity has announced Bowel Cancer UK as its new name, with the strapline Beating Bowel Cancer Together. Bowel Cancer UK worked with brand and communications agency, The Team, to create its visual identity, which consists of a new logo, font, tone of voice, colour palette and a refreshed website as well as the new name and strapline.The logo incorporates the Star of Hope, the international symbol for bowel cancer, which is used across a number of countries. According to the charity, the Star of Hope has been made central to its identity because it strongly resonates with supporters and patients.Deborah Alsina MBE, Chief Executive of Bowel Cancer UK, said:“We are delighted to unveil our new brand. We hope this will enable us to build an active community of patients and their families, clinicians, politicians, academics and others who will join us to ensure that we meet our mission to save lives and improve the quality of life of everyone affected by the disease. Bowel cancer remains the UK’s second biggest cancer killer, claiming over 16,000 lives a year but we are determined to change that.”Dan Dufour, Creative Brand Strategist at The Team, said: Advertisement 176 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis12 175 total views, 1 views today About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com. Merged charities relaunch as Bowel Cancer UK
RSF_en Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan December 28, 2020 Find out more Organisation to go further Receive email alerts IraqMiddle East – North Africa Protecting journalists Violence The police version is contradicted by the eyewitness accounts gathered by an NRT reporter. Several other journalists, politicians and commentators also disputed the police version, sharing a video on social networks showing the car with bullet impacts. Deputy Prime Minister Qubad Talabani has promised to conduct a “personal” investigation. Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” “The Kurdistan Region’s government must find the time to conduct a thorough investigation to establish the real circumstances of what may have been a triple murder,” said Sabrina Bennoui, the head of RSF’s Middle East desk. “If it proves to have been murder, it shows that media personnel are still in danger in Iraqi Kurdistan, even in a place that is supposed to be ‘relatively safe’ such as Sulaymaniyah, and that the practice of killing journalists in public hasn’t ended.” News Amanj Babany, a presenter for the Kurdish TV channel NRT, his wife, Lana Muhammad (herself a Kurdsat journalist), and their young son were all killed when gunmen opened fire on the car and then fled, witnesses reportedly said If confirmed, yesterday’s murders would not be isolated. Roj News journalist Wedat Hussein was found dead, bearing the marks of torture, shortly after been abducted in Dohuk in August 2016. Freelancer Sardasht Osman was found dead in Mosul two days after being abducted in Erbil in May 2010. Moreover, Lvin Magazine reporter Soran Mama Hama was gunned down outside his home in Kirkuk in July 2008 and founder of Rayal Magazine Kawa Germyani was gunned down in similar circumstances in Kalar in December 2013. No one has been convicted of any of these murders. News October 17, 2019 Well-known TV host’s death in Iraqi Kurdistan – murder or suicide? News RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” Iraq is ranked 156th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. IraqMiddle East – North Africa Protecting journalists Violence February 15, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders (RSF) calls on the authorities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to do everything possible to clarify the circumstances of yesterday’s deaths of a well-known TV host, his wife and their baby son, in Sulaymaniyah. Reports say they were shot by gunmen but the police say it was a suicide. Follow the news on Iraq News But a few hours after they died, the Sulaymaniyah police reported their deaths as a suicide following an argument between Babany and his wife. Babany hosted a programme called “Without Borders” that tackled such sensitive subjects as marriages with minors, violence against women and other societal issues that are controversial in Kurdistan. Help by sharing this information December 16, 2020 Find out more
News RSF_en RSF backed the CPAWJ campaign entitled, “Vote for the candidates that defend the rights of women journalists.” Six candidates have so far signed the CPAWJ pledge. And at a news conference in Kabul on 18 September, RSF and the Federation of Associations and Media in Afghanistan launched a campaign entitled, “There will be no just and lasting peace without guarantees for press freedom.” September 26, 2019 On eve of Afghanistan’s poll, RSF calls for more protection for journalists AfghanistanAsia – Pacific Activities in the fieldCondemning abusesEvents Armed conflictsJihadismWomen At the request of the Centre for the Protection of Afghan Women Journalists (CPAWJ), RSF’s partner in Afghanistan, RSF provide specific training for women reporters with the help of the Safety Guide for Journalists and the Handbook for Journalists during Elections, which were translated into Persian and Pashto for the occasion. Radio Hiwad reporter Abdulhamid Hotaki became the fifth journalist to be killed this year in Afghanistan when he died as a result of the injuries sustained in the bombing of President Ashraf Ghani’s election campaign office in the southern city of Kandahar on 24 September. A total of 17 candidates are disputing Ghani’s bid to be reelected. Situation getting more critical for Afghan women journalists, report says Training Receive email alerts With just days to go to the election, RSF visited Afghanistan from 10 to 20 September to organized four seminars for a total of 65 journalists (including 29 women) from 19 provinces and 48 independent media outlets. • Strengthen all the fundamental laws, decrees and institutions that, for the past 18 years, have guaranteed press freedom, the protection of journalists and, in particular, the rights of women journalists. Afghanistan is ranked 121st out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. AfghanistanAsia – Pacific Activities in the fieldCondemning abusesEvents Armed conflictsJihadismWomen May 3, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information As Afghanistan prepares to hold a presidential election on 28 September amid tension and the threat of violence, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) calls for more protection for the country’s journalists, the guarantors of a free, transparent and democratic electoral process. Afghanistan : “No just and lasting peace in Afghanistan without guarantees for press freedom” Organisation RSF calls on all candidates to undertake to: News News “We call on all democratic candidates to renew their commitment to press freedom and the protection of journalists,” said Reza Moini, the head of RSF’s Afghanistan desk. “The role of the media will be decisive in this election, both as sources of information and as poll observers.” to go further • Protect and reinforce the measures that the government of national union and the coordinating committee for the safety of journalists and media have taken to defend the freedom to inform. Reinforce the work of the sub-committees that have been created to monitor and respond to threats and abuses against journalists and media, and the work of the General Directorate for Analysing and Combatting Crime. RSF asks International Criminal Court to investigate murders of journalists in Afghanistan Follow the news on Afghanistan • Do their utmost to ensure protection for press freedom and journalists, respecting the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s constitution and laws, and the international standards enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. • Respect the rights of women journalists to work freely. June 2, 2021 Find out more News Tadamichi Yamamoto, the UN secretary-general’s special representative and head of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), has called for an end to the intimidation and for respect for the right to vote. But the Taliban continue to threaten the country’s nine million voters by declaring polling stations to be “military targets.” March 11, 2021 Find out more
Twitter By News Highland – August 29, 2011 Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Facebook 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Previous articleTwo men charged in relation to Inishowen fires to appear in Court in BuncranaNext articleRaphoe roads meeting tonight News Highland Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ WhatsApp Pinterest 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Pinterest WhatsApp Letterkenny has lost its status as a litter-free town.The latest survey from the Irish Business Against Litter has rated the town as moderatley littered.Letterkenny came in joint 38th out of the 53 town surveyed.The two most littered area in the town were at Larkins Lane and the waste ground beside Centuary Cinema.Chairman of IBAL, Dr Tom Cavanagh questioned whether there was a cutback in services in the town….[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/tomc1pm.mp3[/podcast] Letterkenny loses its status as litter-free town Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Google+ Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Twitter News Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire
ColumnsFixing Accountability Of Judicial Magistrates Yogesh Pratap Singh & Lokendra Malik7 July 2020 10:08 PMShare This – x”The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, but in ourselves, that we are underlings.” The brutal custodial killing of the father and son in Tamil Nadu has not only triggered a public outcry against the police which continues to function under colonial law and with a colonial mindset but has also raised serious questions about our judicial magistracy and its…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, but in ourselves, that we are underlings.” The brutal custodial killing of the father and son in Tamil Nadu has not only triggered a public outcry against the police which continues to function under colonial law and with a colonial mindset but has also raised serious questions about our judicial magistracy and its functional attitude towards custody jurisprudence. The family of the deceased has accused the judicial magistrate of sending them in custody without applying his mind. Many people including civil society believe and rightly so that P. Jayaraj and his son J. Bennix would have been alive today, had the Sathankulam judicial magistrate applied his judicious mind and not acted mechanically. Many human rights organizations have requested the Chief Justice of Madras High Court to order an inquiry against the judicial magistrate so that the truth could be unveiled. The Judicial Magistrates being the courts of first resort and judiciary’s first interface with citizen have higher responsibilities to protectively guard personal liberty and rights. Investigation, which is known for police excesses, forms the foundation for the superstructure of the trial. Any faux pas in investigations and an unjust prosecutions can only be effectively checked by magisterial vigil, right from lodging of FIR, arrest, bail, remand and later even after filing of police report. Magisterial check on police power therefore is the pressing desideratum. The judicial magistrates play a very important role in adjudication of the remand applications filed by the police. They have a statutory duty to examine the accused whenever the police produces accused before them. If they discharge their functions judiciously, they can make a visible contribution to minimize the incidents of custodial violence. This is a fundamental requirement to strengthen the rule of law and constitutionalism in the country. The judicial magistrates have to act independently without any outside influence. They are not subject to the disciplinary control of the government rather, they are expected to act as guardians of the rule of law and act fearlessly. Time and again, the Supreme Court of India has issued certain directions/guidelines for the judicial magistrates regarding the custody jurisprudence particularly grant or refusal of remand. In Manubhai Ratilal Patel v. State of Gujarat, (2012), the Supreme Court has clearly stated the nature and significance of magisterial function in following words: The act of directing remand of an accused is fundamentally a judicial function. The Magistrate does not act in executive capacity while ordering the detention of an accused. While exercising this judicial act, it is obligatory on the part of the Magistrate to satisfy himself whether the materials placed before him justify such a remand or, to put it differently, whether there exist reasonable grounds to commit the accused to custody and extend his remand. The purpose of remand as postulated under Section 167 is that investigation cannot be completed within 24 hours. It enables the Magistrate to see that the remand is really necessary. This requires the investigating agency to send the case diary along with the remand report so that the Magistrate can appreciate the factual scenario and apply his mind whether there is a warrant for police remand or justification for judicial remand or there is no need for any remand at all. It is obligatory on the part of the Magistrate to apply his mind and not to pass an order of remand automatically or in a mechanical manner. Earlier in case of Madhu Limaye, the Supreme Court stated that once it is shown that the arrests made by the police officers were illegal, it was necessary for the State to establish that at the stage of remand, the Magistrate directed detention in jail custody after applying his mind to all relevant matters. The Supreme Court once again affirmed these principles recently in Arnesh Kumar v. State of Bihar (2014) and ruled that decision to detain and remand is not a mechanical act and a remand order has to be a reasoned order and should reflect due application of mind. Unfortunately, the judicial magistrates are least concerned about these directions and take it very casually. In a deeply entrenched, but no less despicable practice, Magistrates customarily grant remand for 15 days, that being the maximum permissible at a time without reflecting independently on the fact whether it is required or not. Each day’s remand ought to be justified in order to be granted. This casual approach of magistracy encourages the police to take the judicial system for granted. Judicial magistrates hardly confront the police on these issues despite having all the necessary powers under law. They should be more cautious while granting remand of the accused as it seriously affects the personal liberty and dignity of the people that is protected under Article 21 of the Constitution. A casual approach frustrates this constitutional mandate. The Judicial Magistrates, to borrow the expression of Lord Atkin, ought to avoid being more executive-minded than the executive and consider the question of bail/release by special order on the first production suo motu. The fact that magistracy is overburdened with work cannot be an alibi. Such mechanical extension of remand mirrors apathy and culpable triviality to values of personal liberty and human rights. The accused P. Jeyraj and his son J. Bennix were booked for violation of lockdown norms as they had kept their shop open just for fifteen minutes beyond the prescribed time. They had not committed any heinous offence that could justify remand or custody. It was a petty offence and the Magistrate had full power to release them on bail having seen the health condition of the accused. But he accepted the police version as gospel truth. But magistracy failed to discharge its judicial function judiciously. Law vests sufficient powers in the magistrate to check arbitrary arrests and other police excesses to facilitate a more perceptive probe into the discovery of truth at various stages of an investigation and even after filing of the police report as discussed by the Supreme Court in Sakiri Vasu v. State of U. P., 2007. Therefore, the Dharma of magistracy lies in the smart use of these legal provisions in order to uphold constitutional values and the Rule of law. He ought not to hesitate in recalibrating the scales of justice and even caringly discriminating to rectify systemic asymmetries and disadvantages towards the weaker accused, witness or the complainant. The High Court of Madras should ensure a fair investigation about the role of the Judicial Magistrate in this matter and if the Judicial Magistrate is found guilty of negligence or willful non-compliance of the Supreme Court directions, he should be held responsible for judicial impropriety and misconduct. The responsibility of the magistracy needs to be fixed at the earliest. In this land of Babasaheb, law is the king of the kings. Nobody is above the law including the Judicial Magistrates.Views are personal only. Next Story